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Debus, Arts and Culture of Banten

Debus, Arts and Culture of Banten
Overview of Banten
Banten is a province in Tatar Pasundan, as well as the most western part of Java, Indonesia. The province was once a part of West Java province, but the expansion into the region since 2000, with the decision of the Law No. 23 of 2000. The headquarters is located in the city of Serang.

Banten region lies between 5º7'50 "-7º1'11" South latitude and 105º1'11 "-106º7'12" East, based on the Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 23 of 2000 total area is 9160.70 km² Banten. Banten Province consists of 4 cities, 4 districts, 154 districts, 262 villages, and 1,273 villages.

Culture of Banten
Most community members embrace Islam with a high religious fervor, but other religions can coexist peacefully. In Banten Province, there is Baduy tribe. Baduy in Banten Sundanese an indigenous tribe that still maintain the tradition of antimodernists, both dress and other living patterns. Baduy-Rawayan living in areas Kendeng Mountains Heritage area of 5101.85 hectares in area Kanekes, Leuwidamar subdistrict, Lebak. Baduy villages are generally located in River basin Kendeng Ciujung Mountains. This area is known as the land area of the deposit of the ancestors, which should be preserved, and guarded carefully, not to be tampered with.

Banten Sea region is one of the potential sea lanes, Sunda Strait is one of the traffic lanes strategic sea impassable for large vessels connecting Australia and New Zealand with the South-east Asian region, for example, Thailand, Malaysia, and Singapore. In addition, Banten is the link between Java and Sumatra. When linked to the geographical position, and the government of Tangerang in Banten especially the highway (Kota Tangerang, Tangerang and South Tangerang City) is a buffer area for Jakarta. Economically Banten region has many industries. Area of Banten province also has some sea port developed in anticipation to accommodate the excess capacity of the seaport in Jakarta and is intended to be an alternative to the port of Singapore.

Potential, and cultural distinctiveness of Banten, among other martial art Pencak Silat, Debus, Rudad, Umbruk, Saman, Mask Dance, Cokek Dance, Dog-dog, Palingtung, and Lojor. In addition, there is also a relic of the heritage including the Great Mosque of Banten Lama, Panjang Shrine, and many other relics.

Debus arts

Debus, Arts and Culture of Banten

Debus is a martial art from Banten who demonstrates extraordinary human ability. For example, a sharp weapon invulnerable, immune to hard water and others.

This art originated in the 16th century, during the reign of Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin (1532-1570). At the time of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa (1651-1692). Debus becomes a tool to pump up the morale of the people against the Dutch colonialist's offerings at that time. Debus arts today is a combination of dance and sound.

Debus history

Debus arts is closely related to the spread of Islam in Indonesia. At the time of Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin (1532-1570), Debus used art to lure people of Banten who still embraced Hinduism and Buddhism in the context of the spread of Islam.

Then during the reign of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa 17th century AD (1651-1652), Debus focused as a tool to evoke the spirit of fighters against the Dutch colonialists (Sandjin A, 1997: 156). Therefore Debus is the martial arts in order to foster confidence.

Debus Performance

Debus, Arts and Culture of Banten

Debus arts are often on display include: 

  • belly piercing with spears or other weapons without getting hurt. 
  • Slicing part of the body with a knife or cleaver. 
  • Eating fire. 
  • needle wire to the tongue, cheek skin or another body part to redeem without bleeding. 
  • flush the body with hard water to clothes worn destroyed creamed but the skin remains intact. 
  • Frying an egg on top of the head. 
  • Burning body with fire. 
  • Stepping up or occupy arrangement sharp machete. 
  • rolling over glass splinters

The show began with the opening (bloat), by reading Sholawat to the Prophet Muhammad, praise, remembrance of God accompanied by percussion instruments for approximately three minutes. Then the chant sung in the form of dhikr out loud, shrill, blared the accompaniment of drumming. This section is called Inside and performed until the show ends.

Along with starting outs, attractions parried with his bare hands demonstrated. After that, some players start a whistle attractions such as piercing the abdomen using Gedebus, peeling coconuts using the teeth, broke the coconut shell with the head, and then eat it. Cut off parts of the body such as the tongue, arms or thighs with a machete, knife or machete. Also, there is no attraction or crackers frying eggs on the head, limbs burned with fire, climb stairs or occupy constructed from a very sharp cleaver, and rolled on a pile of glass (shard) even eat it. Things ended with Gemrung, the game of musical instruments drumming.

The Meaning of "Debus"
Until now, the term of Debus can not be known with certainty derived from what or which took the term. But according to the (late) Tb A Sastra Suganda Literary Culture Section Chief Kandepdikbud district Serang said that the word comes from the word translucent Debus (Sandjin Aminudin, 1997: 153).

Another sense of the word is derived from the word Debus Gedebus (Almadad) is the name of one of the sharps used in the show immunity. The sharp objects made of iron and used to injure themselves. Therefore Debus said here interpreted also as photo Translucent.

Debus in Arabic means the iron rod tipped with a pointed end of the round. For some ordinary people, Debus art is somewhat extreme. At the present time Debus as martial arts, many on display for cultural events or ceremonies.

How to play Debus

Debus, Arts and Culture of Banten

Before starting points, all the equipment had to be prepared. 
  • Players, comprised of leaders also called sheikhs, the "pezikir" , players and drummers. 
  • The tools used in this art depends on the type of game, usually consisting whistle with mace, machetes, knives, light bulbs, oil, fryer and so on. 
  • For musical instruments for the accompanist of Debus is a big drum, small drum, tambourine and kecrek. 
  • Once the equipment and musical instruments are ready, then the points will be started immediately by starting a variety of traditional song and remembrance of praise to God and His Messenger

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