THE ART of NDOLALAK – SPECIAL ART FROM PURWOREJO

THE ART of  NDOLALAK – SPECIAL ART FROM PURWOREJO
Purworejo District is part of the alluvium plains of Central South Java, bounded by the Serayu Selatan and Sumbing Mountains to the north, Menoreh Mountains to the east, the Indian Ocean to the south and the Kebumen-Banyumas plain to the west. Purworejo District Plain is composed of alluvium deposits that mainly come from the rains of volcanic rock Tertiary compiler Serayu South Mountain and Menoreh Mountains, and Mount Quatter Mountain volcano. In the north of the eastern part of the old ricking sediment forms a Purworejo alluvium fan, while in the west it forms a Kutoarjo alluvium fan.

Central Purworejo District consists of The old coastal alluvium deposits which are then covered by present-day river alluvium deposits carried by Wawar river / Medono river in the west, the middle Jali River, and the Bogowonto River in the east. The southern Purworejo Plains, from the Lereng River to the present coastline, are formed by alluvium deposits of young beaches. It is estimated that groundwater resources under the plains of Purworejo Regency are very abundant, and special alluvium deposits of young beaches have a high potential for iron sand mining and associated minerals.


Purworejo Regency is located at position 109o 47'28 "- 110o 8'20" East Longitude and 7o 32 '- 7o 54 South Latitude. Topographically it is a wet tropical climate with temperatures between 1900 C – 2800 C, while air humidity is between 70% - 90% and rainfall is highest in December 311 mm and March 289 mm. The rivers in Purworejo include Wawar River / Medono river, Bogowonto River, Jali River, Gebang River, Bedono River, Kedunggupit River, Kodil River, and Kalimeneng River are in the Serayu Selatan Mountains. While the River Jebol, River Ngemnan, River Dulang and Kaligesing River up in the Mountains Menoreh. The mountains in Purworejo Regency include Mount Pupur Gunung Mentosari (1,059 m), Mount Rawacacing (1,035 m), Gunung Gambarjaran (1,035 m) in Serayu Selatan Mountain. While in Menoreh Mountains there are Mount Gepak (859 m) and Mount Ayamayam (1,022 m).

Tourism


In the field of tourism, Purworejo relies on its southern beaches called "Ketawang Beach", "Keburuhan Beach (Pasir Puncu)," Jatimalang Beach "supported by caves like" Selokarang Cave "and" Sendang Sono ", in Sendang Sono (Under the sono tree) people believe that bathing in the spring will be able to maintain the youthfulness. Seplawan Cave, located in Kaligesing district. This cave attracted many tourists because of the beauty of the cave is still original and also the beauty of natural scenery and the fruit of durian and goat ettawa as One of the characteristics of livestock in Purworejo District.

In addition, there is also waterfall "Curug Muncar" with a height of ± 40m located in the district of Bruno with natural scenery is still natural. The cave of Pencu in the village of Ngandagan is a form of a fortress like a cave in the Dutch East Indies, and during that time the cave had been visited by President Sukarno, but now it is not maintained due to lack of care of the village government apparatus.

Some other attractions in Purworejo;

1. Purworejo town square 
2. Muncar water fall 
3. Nabag water fall 
4. Klesem water fall 
5. Benowo water fall 
6. Gunung Putri water fall 
7. Kyai Kate water fall 
8. Kaliurip water fall 
9. Abang water fall 
10. Siklotok-Silangit water fall 
11. Sedayu water fall 
12. Sidandang water fall 
13. Silendung water fall 
14. Pendowo water fall 
15. Loning water fall 
16. Giyombong water fall 
17. Jaka Tarub water fall 
18. Benteng Pendem Purworejo 
19. Dewi Mass Semawung 
20. Selokarang cave 
21. Seplawan cave 
22. Sikantong cave 
23. Ketawang beach 
24. Keburuhan beach 
25. Jatimalang beach 
26. Jatikontal beach 
27. Geger Menjangan hill 
28. Pine forests Purworejo 
29. Kusumo Asri foret 
30. Tosan Aji Museum 
31. Train Museum of Purworejo 
32. Sendang Sono 
33. Kedung Lesung river 
34. Bogowonto river

Typical food

Some of Purworejo's dishes and specialties include:

1. Dawet Hitam: a kind of black cendol, very popular travelers from Jakarta. 
2. Tofu Kupat (some areas call "kupat tahu"), a cooking-based dish with spicy flavors made from liquid java sugar and vegetables such as cabbage and sprouts. 
3. Geblek: food made from cassava flour formed like a ring, fried savory 
4. Clorot: food made from rice flour and brown sugar cooked in a young coconut leaves (yellow leaf). (Berasa from Grabag sub-district) 
5. Rengginang: fried foods made from glutinous rice cooked, round shape, flattened. 
6. Lanting: The food is almost the same material and shape as the geblek, it's just smaller in size. After fried lanting feels louder than geblek. But still feel tasty and crunchy. 
7. Satu cake : This food is made of glutinous flour, a small creamy box shape, and tastes sweet. 
8. Cake Lompong: Colored black, from wheat contains beans and dibugkus with banana leaves that have dried brown (klaras). 
9. Tiwul punel: Made from cassava cassava 
10. Krimpying: This food is made from cassava, like lanting but larger and harder, cream-colored, rounded shape not like lanting which generally shaped like the number eight. The taste of this food is tasty. 
11. cenil: this food is made from cassava flour. 
12. Awuggawug: made from glutinous rice flour containing sugar Javanese sweet taste. 
13. Lapis : from glutinous rice flour.

Art of Purworejo


Purworejo District, besides known as Scout District, Purworejo also has a lot of art, here are some original art Purworejo:

1. Cepetan Art
Art Cepetan is a type of art that was born in Kedungkamal Village, Grabag District that was inspired by a young man named Tujan.

2. Cing Poo Ling Arts
The art of Cing Poo Ling describes warrior-wielding soldiers. This theme has survived until now.

3. Dolalak Dance Arts
Dolalak Dance is Purworejo's most popular art. The origin of dolalak art is the acculturation of western culture (Dutch) with east (Java).

4. Jidur
This traditional dance is accompanied by traditional percussion music such as bedug, tambourine, and kendang.

5. Incling Semagung Art
Short history Incling art is actually derived from a story found in East Java and especially Residency Madiun based in Ponorogo.

6. Soyar Maole Arts
Art of kentrung tambourine SOYAR MAOLE currently spreading covering some hamlets in Kaligono Village, Kaligesing Sub-district

7. Jolenan
Jolenan is a ceremonial name merti Keba Palawija village that uses media jolen as a container or place to put tumpeng and grilled chicken.

8. Petta Tirta
"Pethik Tirta" is a ceremony of village salvation (merti desa) which is used as a tradition in Jenar Lor Village, Purwodadi Subdistrict

9. Art of Mondek's Peking
The art of Bekhol Mondhol is the traditional arts of the Islamic religious nuance

Art of Ndolalak


Dolalak's origin is from Not Do and La (not C and G) because it is accompanied by a two-tone instrument. Ndolalak dance was born in the Dutch colonial era. Purworejo was then used as a military training center.

It is said that in the spare time the Dutch soldiers mingle with the residents to dance in the form of rows in pairs, accompanied by poetry poetry sarcasm. Along with the development of the era and technology, Dolalak dance now has accompanied with modern music, namely keyboard.

The songs are also varied and diverse. Dolalak Dancers are only performed by women, in black uniform with glittery accessories also have typical accessories that is sunglasses. Dolalak dancers can experience trance, a condition they are not aware of because it is so late in dance and music.

Their behavior can be funny and funny. Dolalak Dance is now growing rapidly even already become a brand image of Purworejo District.

History of Ndolalak Dance

Origin-Art dolalak supposedly found by 3 santri who were still brothers who imitate the motion of the Dutch troop troop. They were Rejotaruno, Duliyat, and Ronodimejo. Approximately in 1925 the three santri together with the people who had become Dutch soldiers formed dolalak Art.

At first dolalak art was not accompanied by musical instruments but enough with the vocals and sang alternating by the dancers alternately. Further development of the community began to like the art, and then dance dolalak given the instrument accompaniment with songs - songs Javanese songs and solawatan songs.

Entering the fifth century XX the arts of dolalak were danced by men and limited to certain areas. However, entering the decade of the 7th century XX dolalak show could be danced by women. And its spread has expanded to all areas of Purworejo.

Starting from the village Kaligoro continue to seep Kaldesing area and almost throughout the district kaligesing arise dolalak arts. Departing from Keligesing subdistrict, dolalak arts progressed to the city of Purworejao and became the spectacle / performance of the city folk that was interesting and very popular with the residents of Purworejo city. All layers of society as Purworejo District rate that dolalak dance performance was a healthy folk show. Society and government always strives to preserve, develop, improve, and disseminate the arts of dolalak accordingly and in harmony with the progress of time.

Ndolalak Dance Performance

In the show, Dolalak Dance can be played in groups, pairs, and single dance. Movement in this dance is a movement of soldier who is dominated by a compact and dynamic movement. The hallmark of Dolalak Dance is the "kirig" movement, which is a quick shoulder movement at a given moment. The movement in this Dolalak Dance has various terms. In the foot movement has terms such as adeg, tanjak, hayog, sered, mancad, tiptoe, kick and others. On the hand, movements have terms such as ngruji, teweng, gregem, bapak, wolak walik, tangkisan and others. On body movement has terms like ogek, entrag and geblag. In the neck movement has terms such as tolehan, lilingan and coklekan. And on the shoulder movements like kirig and kedher.

Costumes are in use in Dolalak Dance is usually using long-sleeved shirt and black shorts with a distinctive style with a golden color on the chest and back. At the head usually use a black pet hat with a decoration like a colorful feather. And do not forget the legs using socks and waist sampur are tied on the right side. Costumes in use in Dolalak Dance has also undergone various modifications. The shorts that are initially above the knee are modified to the bottom of the knee. There is also a modification of Muslim style by using a veil but still use the same hat.

Dolalak Dance Arts Elements


Movement Elements
In any dance, the movement must be a major element. It is because the dance is a movement that is combined into one and re-formed to form a dance. In the dolalak dance, the movement that dominates the smooth movement, precisely like the movement of martial arts but in the smooth again. There is also one of the typical movement of the dolalak dance that is a movement called "kirig". This movement is at the time the dancers speed up the shoulder movement.

In dolalak there are several kinds of movement of the foot movement, hand movement, body movement, and movement of the neck or head. All the movements are mixed together so as to form a beautiful dance to be seen. Besides the dolalak dance is also divided into three groups that dance dance all dancers come to dance with compact, then dance pair that is two dancers who danced on stage, and the last is a single dance, usually in tug by one person who possessed.

Elements of Music
At the beginning of the creation of music is not too in priority on the dolalak dance. But now music can be said to blend with the movement. So that elements of music and elements of movement are related and related. That's because the dancers movement in the show that follows the music and in accordance with the rhythm of music that is played. Therefore why these two elements are related and equally important. Dolalak performances usually use some musical instruments such as kendang, drum, tambourine, even now also using organs. While the song is Javanese song is also a religious theme song.

Clothing Elements
In addition to the two elements above, no less important is the element of fashion or costume. In the dolalak dance most dancers wear the same costume. In general, the costume is a traditional dress, the long-sleeved shirt and black and black shorts also equipped with some accessories such as hats, scarves or sampur, and other accessories.